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Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle | Maintenance Cost

In this article, we will discuss Electric Vehicles Maintenance Cost & Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle. In my previous article, we discussed the benefits of electric vehicle & Future of Electric Vehicle. So Friends let’s start with a new discussion on Electric Vehicles Maintenance Cost & Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle. 


Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle | Maintenance Cost
Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle | Maintenance Cost 


Electric Vehicles Maintenance Cost


Electric Vehicles Maintenance Cost is meagre, because...


1. There is no problem like changing the oil in an electric vehicle.


2. EVs do not require any parts such as exhaust system, starter motor, fuel injection system, radiator, which are necessary for a conventional diesel/petrol vehicle. Therefore Electric Vehicles Maintenance Cost is meagre.


Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle


Today different types of Electric vehicles are available like Electric Car, Electric Scooter, & Electric Bike. And we also have available Electric Commercial Vehicles such as Electric Auto, Electric Truck, Electric Van etc. The efficiency of the vehicle varies according to the utility of all vehicles. 


In this article, we only discuss regular vehicles (Car, Scooter, Bike), and we will discuss commercial vehicles in the next article. Let’s discuss one by one all Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle.


Calculation of Running Cost of an Electric Vehicle


Assume Data (This data has been taken just for you to understand the figure of electric vehicles. Data can be changed according to the individual vehicle, current diesel/petrol cost, current electricity cost).


Our Daily Travel = 60km

Cost of Petrol = Rs. 85/Ltr

Cost of  Diesel = Rs. 75/Ltr

Cost of electricity = Rs. 6/Unit


Electric Car


Cost Calculation of Running a Petrol/Diesel Car


Petrol Car Mileage                 = 20km/Ltr (approx)

Per km cost                 = Rs. 85/20km = Rs. 4.25

60km cost                 = 60 X 4.25 = Rs. 255


Diesel Car Mileage                 = 25km/Ltr (approx)

Per km cost                 = Rs. 75/20km = Rs. 3.75 

60km Travel cost                 = 60 X 3.75 = Rs. 225


Cost Calculation of Running an Electric Car


Electric Car Milege         = 120km/charge 

Time taken for full charge = 5 to 8 Hrs.


Total Electricity Consumption 

for a single charge         = approx 15 unit


Cost of Electricity 

per Charge         = Rs. 6 X 15Unit = Rs. 90


Per km Cost         = Rs. 90/120km = Rs. 0.75

60 km Travel cost         = 60km X 0.75 = Rs. 45


Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle | Maintenance Cost
Comparison of Calculation of Running an Electric Car & Diesel/Petrol Car  

Electric Scooter

Cost Calculation of Running a Petrol Scooter


Petrol Scooter Mileage         = 45km/Ltr (approx)

Per km cost         = Rs. 85/45km = Rs. 1.88 Approx

60km cost         = 60 X 1.88= Rs. 112


Cost Calculation of Running an Electric Scooter


Mileage                 = 50km/charge (single Battery)

Time taken for full charge = approx 4 to 5 Hrs.


Total Electricity Consumption 

for a single charge         = approx 2 unit


Cost of Electricity 

per Charge         = Rs. 6 X 2Unit = Rs. 12


Per km Cost         = Rs. 12/50km = Rs. 0.24

60 km Travel cost         = 60km X 0.24 = Rs. 14


Comparison of Calculation of Running an Electric Scooter & Petrol Scooter
Comparison of Calculation of Running an Electric Scooter & Petrol Scooter

Electric Bike


Cost Calculation of Running a Petrol Bike


Petrol Bike Mileage = 60km/Ltr (approx)

Per km cost         = Rs. 85/60km = Rs. 1.41 Approx

60km cost         = 60 X 1.41= Rs. 85


Cost Calculation of Running an Electric Bike


Mileage                 = 60km/charge (single Battery)

Time taken for full charge = approx 4 to 5 Hrs.


Total Electricity Consumption 

for a single charge         = approx 3 unit


Cost of Electricity 

per Charge         = Rs. 6 X 3Unit = Rs. 18


Per km Cost         = Rs. 18/60km = Rs. 0.30

60 km Travel cost         = 60km X 0.30 = Rs. 18


Comparison of Calculation of Running an Electric Bike & Petrol Bike
Comparison of Calculation of Running an Electric Bike & Petrol Bike

*All calculations take the Basis on Indian Conditions.*

Conclusion

On the Bases of the above calculations, it is clear that the cost of running an electric vehicle is cheaper than fuel vehicles.

Some Points of concern for Electric Vehicle in India

(A) The electric vehicle takes longer (5 to 8 Hrs)  to fully charge, while the conventional vehicle takes less time (approx 2 to 3 min.) to refuel.

(B) Currently, the charging station on the highway is negligible for charging electric vehicles; thus, an electric vehicle is not suitable for long-distance travel. 

(C) Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle is lower than a traditional vehicle, work in process to increase the Power Efficiency of Electric Vehicle.


 

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